Category Archives: Microbiology

Food and water microbiology | Legionella | Salmonella | Giardia | Cryptosporidium | E coli | Camphlobacter | Cholera | Shigella | Yersinia | plague | enteric pathogens | foodborne illnesses | food spoilage | source of food poisoning outbreaks | population health | communicable diseases | hospital infection | gastrointestinal disease outbreaks | epidemiology | child care centres | aged care homes.
Includes outbreaks in new diseases in veterinary context in relation to potential to transmit to humans.
Dialysis | dialysate.
Meningococcus | Neisseria | gonorrhea | meningitis.
Molecular biology typing | molecular biology sequencing

Syphilis reaches highest levels recorded in Australia

The Guardian AAP 18 September 2014

Syphilis has reached its highest level recorded in Australia, with the increase almost exclusively among gay men.
Health experts are calling for an increased focus on the potentially deadly bacterial disease after data showed 1,765 people were diagnosed with it in Australia last year – a 34% increase on the number documented in 2009.
The annual surveillance report on the country’s sexual health produced by the Kirby Institute at the University of New South Wales said unprotected sex between men was the main driver of new diagnoses between 2009 and 2013.

Read more

Link to 2104 Surveillance Report

New Tracking Technologies Aim to Prevent Sloppy Handling at U.S. Biolabs

Scientific American Dina Fine Maron 15 September 2014

The CDC is piloting cameras and tablets in high-level biosafety spaces in an effort to avoid future infectious disease botch-ups

Read more

Facing a post-antibiotic world

Sydney Morning Herald Leigh Dayton, University of Technology Sydney, 16 September 2014

Antibiotic resistance should be treated as a natural disaster.

It’s official. Humanity is racing towards a post-antibiotic era, a time when today’s life-saving drugs won’t successfully treat common infectious diseases or even infections from minor injuries.

According to the World Health Organisation, many bacteria responsible for common but serious diseases such as pneumonia, diarrhoea, gonorrhoea and bloodstream infections have developed resistance to antibiotics designed to wipe them out. Worse, few replacement treatments are in the pipeline. The post-antibiotic world looms.

Read more

Magnetic cure for bad blood unveiled

The Australian AFR 15 September 2014

SCIENTISTS have invented a device that potentially throws a lifeline to patients with sepsis and further infections.  The external gadget — tested so far in rats but not yet humans — could be adapted one day for stripping Ebola and other viruses from blood, they hoped.  Acting rather like a spleen, the invention uses magnetic nanobeads coated with a genetically-engineered human blood protein called MBL

Read more

Read EurekAlert Summary

Request the source article from Information & Research Services (QH Staff only)

Possum faeces may cause flesh-eating ulcers in humans, Victorian researchers say

ABC News 10 September 2014

People are being warned to avoid touching possum faeces because of the risk of being exposed to a bacteria linked to flesh-eating ulcers.
Infectious disease researchers at Victoria’s Barwon Health have found that possums can carry the buruli bacteria, which can cause major skin ulcers in humans.

Read more

New paper calls for more infection control surveillance, standardization in the emergency department

(Elsevier Health Sciences 3 September 2014) When researchers searched the literature to determine adherence rates for various infection prevention protocols in the emergency department (ED), they discovered both a dearth of studies reporting ED practices and a lack of standardization that rendered some studies incomparable, according to a literature review published in the September issue of the American Journal of Infection Control, the official publication of the Association for Professionals in Infection Control and Epidemiology.

Read EurekAlert Summary

Request the source article from Information & Research Services (QH Staff only)

Experts unsure how heroin in 2009-10 anthrax outbreak became infected

BioPrepWatch Eric Carlson 5 September 2014

Researchers investigating the 2009-10 outbreak of injection anthrax in Scotland are still unaware of how the microbe ended up in heroin.

It is widely believed, however, that either heroin wrapped in animal skins for trafficking purposes or a cutting agent like bone meal was responsible

Read more

Read source article from Eurosurveillance Vol 19 no 32, 14 Aug 2014