CSIRO Media 4 March 2014
A definitive report on observed changes in long term trends in Australia’s climate has been released today by CSIRO and the Bureau of Meteorology. CSIRO Chief Executive Dr Megan Clark said Australia has warmed in every state and territory and in every season.
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News.com.au AAP 3 March 2014
AUSTRALIA should view the relatively new practice of fracking for gas with as much caution as the introduction of a new drug, says an essay in the latest issue of the Medical Journal of Australia.
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The Guardian Ian Sample 26 February 2014
Toxic chemicals found at high concentrations in fried and grilled meats may raise the risk of diabetes and dementia, researchers say.
US scientists found that rodents raised on a Western-style diet rich in compounds called glycotoxins showed early signs of diabetes, along with brain changes and symptoms that are seen in Alzheimer’s disease.
Scientific American Dina Fine Maron 25 February 2014
Reproductive technologies that marry DNA from three individuals will receive a trial in the court of public opinion this week. Such technologies may hold promise for averting certain genetically inherited diseases passed down via mutations to mitochondria, the cell’s battery pack.
ABC News Stephen McDonell 26 February 2014
A thick blanket of smog covering much of northern China has led the World Health Organisation (WHO) to declare a crisis.
Beijing has recorded its sixth day in a row of hazardous pollution with residents being warned to wear masks or stay indoors as a precaution.
Instruments have measured pollution levels above 450 on an air quality index – nine times the safe level for human beings.
ABC News 25 February 2014
Professor Bruce Armstrong, Chair of the National Health and Medical Research Council’s wind farms and human health reference group, says the evidence linking wind farms to health problems is limited and weak.
View report here
Elsevier Library Connect Anita de Waard, Daniel Rotman, Mike Lauruhn
Research data has always been at the core of much scientific research, though the primary conduit of scientific communication has been the peer-reviewed journal article. The article summarizes, synthesizes and interprets the raw data; places the data in the context of theory and hypotheses and mechanisms; and provides an interpretation of the data. However, in its current form, the article alone does not provide sufficient details of the data to facilitate integration within larger data contexts, or to allow for reconstruction of the experiment or alternative analyses, syntheses or interpretations.
This article is the first in a three-part series.
R&D Bill Harris 18 February 2014
A generation ago, wet laboratory space would’ve included fixed casework, dense with laboratory benches, storage cabinets and equipment, but hardly any space or capacity to hold a meeting or accommodate change. Today, laboratory space design reflects an evolution in both the methods of research and the way that scientists work—individually and with their colleagues. Those changes, combined with the need to accelerate the speed of innovation—and time to market in the pharmaceutical world—drive the design of today’s laboratory.
EurekAlert Joseph Caspermeyer 17 February 2014
An innovative vaccine technology makes use of reengineered salmonella to deliver protective immunity. If such recombinant attenuated salmonella vaccines or RASVs can be perfected, they hold the promise of safe, lost-cost, orally administered defenses against viral, bacterial, fungal and parasitic infections.
In a new study, lead author Karen Brenneman and her colleagues at the Biodesign Institute at Arizona State University, propose an improved method of screening salmonella vaccines in small animal studies and enhancing their effectiveness in humans.
The new research demonstrates a system for improving the ability of salmonella vaccine strains to survive the hostile environment of the stomach, where high acid concentrations are typically lethal for invasive bacteria. The data show a 10-fold improvement in salmonella survivability in a mouse model, modified to mimic stomach acid conditions in humans.
The research team—which included Crystal Willingham, Jacquelyn A. Kilbourne, Kenneth Roland and Roy Curtiss III (director of Biodesign’s Center for Infectious Diseases and Vaccinology)—recently reported their results in the journal PLOS ONE.
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