Category Archives: Vector borne diseases

INCLUDES Arbovirus (Chikungunya, Dengue, Encephalitis, Japanese Encephalitis, Murray Valley Encephalitis, Ross River, West Nile), Insect-borne diseases, mosquitos, entomology with regard to mosquitos, emerging disease.
Use VIROLOGY for waterborne diseases.
EXCLUDES Bat-borne diseases (USE Hendra or Lyssavirus) .

Deadly mozzies settled in

Townsville Bulletin Samantha Healy 30 August 2014

PRELIMINARY surveys have found the dengue mosquito is widespread across Townsville, even in the cooler months.  Scientists from the Eliminate Dengue team based at Monash University have been conducting weekly monitoring of 100 mosquito traps, spread across the city, since April.

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Experimental chikungunya vaccine induces robust antibody response

(NIH/National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases 14 August 2014) An experimental vaccine to prevent the mosquito-borne viral illness chikungunya elicited neutralizing antibodies in all 25 adult volunteers who participated in a recent early-stage clinical trial conducted by researchers at the National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases, part of the National Institutes of Health.

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UMN and NYBC research finds potential MERS transmission mechanism between bats and humans

(University of Minnesota Academic Health Center 12 August 2014) Researchers have identified the mechanism used by the deadly Middle East Respiratory Syndrome virus to transmit from bats to humans. Bats are a native reservoir for Middle East Respiratory Syndrome and the finding could be critical for understanding the animal origins of the virus, as well as preventing and controlling the spread of Middle East Respiratory Syndrome and related viruses in humans.

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Mystery virus affects nearly 100 in Samoa

Australia Network News 12 August 2014

Samoa’s Ministry of Health says nearly 100 people have now been affected by a mystery virus.
Two people have also died from but authorities still aren’t exactly sure what the virus is.
Samoan Ministry of Health’s Dr Saaine Vaai told Pacific Beat patients are showing signs of two separate illnesses.

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Native bacteria block Wolbachia from being passed to mosquito progeny

(Penn State 11 August 2014) Native bacteria living inside mosquitoes prevent the insects from passing Wolbachia bacteria — which can make the mosquitoes resistant to the malaria parasite — to their offspring, according to a team of researchers.

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WATCH: Why do Bats Transmit so many Diseases like Ebola?

Science Alert

August 5, 2014

Nipah, Hendra, Ebola, Marburg, and SARS are some of the world’s scariest viruses. They can be extremely fatal, like Ebola – which has the capacity to kill 90 percent of the people it infects – and can be extremely fast to spread, like SARS. What binds these terrible viruses together is not only the fact that they’re all carried by bats, but also that each of them has surfaced in humans in just the past 50 years.

So what is it about the past 50 years that’s suddenly brought all these viruses to the forefront? In the latest episode of MinuteEarth, Kate Yandell explains that because humans and our farm animals have been increasingly encroaching on the territories of wild bats, we’re now in more frequent contact with them than ever before.  Continue reading…

New collaborations seek to solve infectious disease challenges

CSIRO News August 5, 2014

Many of Australia’s leading animal and human infectious disease experts are joining forces this week to identify challenges that might benefit from greater collaboration across Australia’s research institutions.  Continue reading…