Author Archives: churchc

Smartphone holograms can diagnose cervical cancer

New Scients No 3017 15 April 2015

A device that plugs into your phone could diagnose cancer and other diseases by measuring the way light bounces off different molecules.

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Water Science & Technology – Contents Pages

Table of Contents  |  Vol 71 Number 6 2015


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Food Microbiology Vol 49 – August 2015 – Contents Pages

Table of Contents  |   Volume 49, Pages 1-234 (August 2015)


Attitudes of the medical profession to whole body and organ donation.

Surgeon. 2014 Apr;12(2):73-7. doi: 10.1016/j.surge.2013.06.002

Cadaveric dissection remains an important part of undergraduate medical education in anatomy. In a concerted effort to rise the number of doctors in practice in Ireland the amount of medical school placements has been increased steadily since 1995. This poses a problem as the number of cadavers has remained unchanged despite an overall increase in the population Ireland over the last twenty years. The medical profession plays a central part in raising public awareness of living and post-mortem organ donation. Previous studies have examined the attitudes of medical students to whole body donation, however to our knowledge this is the first study that evaluates the attitudes of medical professionals. We assess the opinions of junior and senior doctors at the time of their dissection experience and in their current practice. We show that their attitudes have changed as their clinical experience grows.

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Normal pediatric postmortem CT appearances

Pediatr Radiol. 2015 Apr;45(4):517-26. doi: 10.1007/s00247-014-3258-8

Postmortem radiology is a rapidly developing specialty that is increasingly used as an adjunct to or substitute for conventional autopsy. The goal is to find patterns of disease and possibly the cause of death. Postmortem CT images bring to light processes of decomposition most radiologists are unfamiliar with. These postmortem changes, such as the formation of gas and edema, should not be mistaken for pathological processes that occur in living persons. In this review we discuss the normal postmortem thoraco-abdominal changes and how these appear on CT images, as well as how to differentiate these findings from those of pathological processes.

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The future of pediatric and perinatal postmortem imaging

Pediatr Radiol. 2015 Apr;45(4):509-16. doi: 10.1007/s00247-014-3266-8

The field and applications of postmortem imaging are exponentially growing. Its potential to identify the cause of death in trauma and ballistic cases is now properly documented, as well as its use in drug mule identification. In pediatric and perinatal practice, large significant series are less available, except for MRI and central nervous system analysis where scientific evidence is now robust. In this review, after a short historical review and analysis of current problems and challenges, we will try to depict the way we see the future of this subspecialty of postmortem cross-sectional imaging, including all specific situations: terminations of pregnancy, intrauterine death, sudden unexpected infant death and identification issues.

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Governmental Re-evaluation of the Committed Effective Dose Received by Emergency Workers at the TEPCO Fukushima Daiichi NPP Accident

Journal of Occupational and Environmental Hygiene  Volume 12, Issue 5, 2015;  DOI: 10.1080/15459624.2014.989364

In April 2013, the Ministry of Health, Labour and Welfare (MHLW) noticed that significant discrepancies were present between the committed effective dose (CED) data for emergency workers at the TEPCO Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Plant provided by TEPCO and that reported by five primary contractors. The MHLW, based on re-evaluation of the data, provided administrative guidance which required TEPCO and the five primary contractors to readjust the CED data for 479 workers (2.5% of 19,346 emergency workers). Of these, data for 450 workers from the primary contractors were readjusted based on the change in assessment methods. Doses were readjusted to higher values for 431 workers and doses were readjusted to lower values for 19 workers, CED data were corrected due to calculation errors for 29 workers from seven contractors, 12 additional workers were found to have received more than 50 mSv but no more than 100 mSv, an increase of 1.7% over the previously established count of 723 workers who had received that dose. Six additional workers were found to have received more than 100 mSv, an increase of 3.6% compared with the previous count of 167 workers. Major issues addressed during re-evaluation included: a) selection of intake scenario for the calculation of the residual activity ratio; b) assumptions about the intake date; c) assessments of exposure to radiation from 132I and 132Te; and d) assumptions about 131I exposure in cases where 131I was undetectable. Regarding the divergent CED data of 138 workers, the MHLW also confirmed that the CEDs assessed by the primary contractors were valid. To prevent the recurrence of similar incidents, the MHLW issued administrative guidance documents to TEPCO and primary contractors to employ standardized CED assessment methods on July 5. 2013.

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