Author Archives: vaiseyj

Developing tailored planning models for forensic organisations

Australian Journal of Forensic Sciences Published online: 12 Apr 2016

Forensic laboratories traditionally focus on the development of scientific excellence to gain and maintain expertise and capability for their core purpose with respect to the provision of sound, impartial analysis of potential evidence, while managing increasingly tight budgets and growing demand. One downside to this primary focus is the lower prioritisation afforded to strategic and operational planning, despite its potential to substantially improve service delivery and enhance efficiency. Here, we focus on traditional planning models used by forensic laboratories and their shortfalls, and we examine options for improvement. Contemporary planning methodologies are assessed for their applicability and one improved planning model is developed and its potential benefits are evaluated.

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An analysis of a suicide case by ingestion of carbofuran

Australian Journal of Forensic Sciences Published online: 04 May 2016

Carbofuran is a kind of carbamate pesticide with a high toxicity. In this report, we describe a suicide case using carbofuran involving two patients who were poisoned and rescued at the same time. However, two days later, one died and the other was saved. Carbofuran concentration and furan phenole concentration have been determined in biological samples. Based on the data analysis, we suggest that the concentration of carbofuran in blood is a vital factor for successful rescue, and the interval between 2.53 μg/ml and 3.23 μg/ml should be considered as the threshold of successful rescue for adults. We also find that carbofuran has a rapid metabolism in vivo after intake, and blind spots existed in the clinical rescue of carbofuran poisoning.

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Stephen Playford: Kedron dad accused of killing daughter case delayed

Brisbane Times Kim Stephens May 5 2016

The case against a Brisbane man charged with the murder of his six-year-old daughter last year remains in limbo, as psychiatrists continue to assess his suitability to stand trial.
A mental health assessment of Stephen Philip Playford, 52, is yet to be completed, Brisbane Magistrates Court heard on Thursday morning, with the magistrate commenting it would be “quite a difficult report, that one” for experts to compile.

Read more: http://www.brisbanetimes.com.au/queensland/stephen-playford-kedron-dad-accused-of-killing-daughter-case-delayed-20160505-gomy2r.html

Imported ‘extra virgin’ olive oil increasingly failing quality tests

Brisbane Times Esther Han May 5 2016

The vast majority of imported “extra virgin olive oil” in Australian supermarkets fails to meet local and international standards, renewing concerns shoppers are paying a premium for inferior products.
Tests of 27 imported bottles sold at Coles, Woolworths, Aldi and Foodland revealed 85 per cent failed to meet the voluntary Australian Standard and 78 per cent failed to meet the International Olive Council (IOC) Standard.

Read more: http://www.brisbanetimes.com.au/business/consumer-affairs/imported-extra-virgin-olive-oil-increasingly-failing-quality-tests-20160504-golr7y.html

Measuring the airborne toxicants urban bicyclists inhale

EurekAlert American Chemical Society  4-May-2016

By switching from four wheels to two, bicyclists help reduce traffic and air pollution — all while getting much-needed exercise. But that health benefit could be costly, due to exposure to potentially harmful compounds in motor vehicle exhaust. In a first-of-its-kind study, researchers analyzed breath samples to find out how much of these compounds are absorbed by the body. They report their findings in ACS’ Environmental Science & Technology.

Read more: http://www.eurekalert.org/pub_releases/2016-05/acs-mta050416.php

Link to journal article abstract: http://pubs.acs.org/doi/abs/10.1021/acs.est.6b01159

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Air pollution: Benefits of cycling and walking outweigh harms – study BBC News 4 May 2016
The health benefits of cycling and walking outweigh the harmful effects of air pollution, a study has suggested.
Even in cities with high air pollution levels, the benefits are greater than the risks, the University of Cambridge research found.
Regular exercise can reduce the risk of diabetes, heart disease, and several cancers, according to researchers.
The Royal Colleges of Physicians has said air pollution contributes to 40,000 UK early deaths a year.
Researchers analysed information from epidemiological studies to create computer simulations to compare the risks and benefits of physical activity and air pollution in different locations.
Read more: http://www.bbc.com/news/health-36208003

 

Lab-reared bacteria pave the way for bug drugs

Brisbane Times Peter Spinks May 5 2016

Legions of beneficial bacteria living in our gut may be grown in the laboratory and one day used in pill-form to treat a range of gastrointestinal infections and disorders, an international team of scientists has revealed.
After cultivating and scrutinising the genetic makeup of 137 bacteria from the human intestine, the scientists have a better understanding of how our bacterial “microbiome” helps keep us healthy.

Read more: http://www.brisbanetimes.com.au/technology/sci-tech/labreared-bacteria-pave-the-way-for-bug-drugs-20160503-golfv8.html

Link to NATURE article: http://www.nature.com/nature/journal/vaop/ncurrent/full/nature17645.html

Fantasy drug seizures on the rise

Brisbane Times Jorge Branco May 4 2016

Anti-bikie police have noted a worrying jump in the number of seizures of the dangerous party drug fantasy.
Raids over the past three weeks allegedly uncovered large quantities of the narcotic Gamma hydroxybutyrate, (GHB) which is used to produce feelings of euphoria, relaxation and sociability.

Read more: http://www.brisbanetimes.com.au/queensland/fantasy-drug-seizures-on-the-rise-20160504-gom0cj.html