Category Archives: Clinical pathology

Includes news relating to lab diagnosis of medical conditions.
Discipline groups are Microbiology, Immunology, Anatomical Pathology including cytopathology (cancers etc), Chemical pathology, Haematology and Laboratory management.
EXCLUDES imaging technologies.

Gene defects increase risk of melanoma by 50 times research finds

The Brisbane Times | March 25, 2015 | Jorge Branco

Queensland scientists have identified gene defects making people roughly 50 times more likely to suffer a cancer responsible for killing about 1500 Australians a year.  Continue reading…an

 

Xpert MTB/RIF assay for the diagnosis of pulmonary tuberculosis in children: A systematic review and meta-analysis

(The Lancet 23 March 2015) Microbiological confirmation of childhood tuberculosis is rare because of the difficulty of collection of specimens, low sensitivity of smear microscopy, and poor access to culture.

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Blood test for patients on acne medication deemed unnecessary [Editorial]

(Brigham and Women’s Hospital 22 March 2015) A new study by researchers at Brigham and Women’s Hospital has found that for young, healthy women taking spironolactone to treat hormonal acne, frequent office visits and blood draws are an unnecessary health care expense. For the approximately 1,000 patients studied, blood tests to monitor potassium levels did not change the course of treatment, but the tests cumulatively totaled up to $80,000.

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Review of global guidelines for sepsis needed

(Monash University 20 March 2015) Experts are calling for a global review of guidelines used to diagnose sepsis, after a study found one in eight patients with infections severe enough to need admission to an Intensive Care Unit in Australia and New Zealand, did not meet current criteria.

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Frequency of blood tests in heart surgery patients may lead to anemia, transfusions

(Elsevier 18 March 2015) Laboratory testing among patients undergoing cardiac surgery can lead to excessive bloodletting, which can increase the risk of developing hospital-acquired anemia and the need for blood transfusion.

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New molecular tool assesses vaginal microbiome health, diagnoses infections — fast

(American Society for Microbiology 18 March 2015) A new microarray-based tool, called VaginArray, offers the potential to provide a fast, reliable and low-cost assessment of vaginal health and diagnoses of infections.

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Detecting cancer cells in blood can give an early warning of treatment failure

(Institute of Cancer Research 23 March 2015) A blood test that measures the number of cells shed from prostate tumors into the bloodstream can act as an early warning sign that treatment is not working, a major new study shows.Researchers showed that measuring the numbers of circulating tumor cells in the blood predicted which men were benefiting least from a prostate cancer drug after as little as 12 weeks of treatment.

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