Category Archives: Clinical pathology

Includes news relating to lab diagnosis of medical conditions.
Discipline groups are Microbiology, Immunology, Anatomical Pathology including cytopathology (cancers etc), Chemical pathology, Haematology and Laboratory management.
EXCLUDES imaging technologies.

Women warned as breast screen rates fall

Sydney Morning Herald 1 July 2015

Australian women are being warned against complacency when it comes to breast cancer amid a fall in screening rates.

New figures on Wednesday reveal the number of women aged 50 to 69 attending their free mammogram every two years has been in decline since the last national campaign in 2001/02, when the screening rate hit 57.6 per cent.

By 2013/14, it had fallen to 53.7 per cent, the Australian Institute of Health and Welfare figures show.

Screening rates for women aged 40 and over have also fallen dramatically since hitting 37.8 per cent in 2001/02, but made a slight recovery in 2013/14.

http://www.smh.com.au//breaking-news-national/women-warned-as-breast-screen-rates-fall-20150701-3ylhy.html

RAAF jet fuel: Defence personnel call for inquiry after reporting wide range of serious illnesses

ABC News 30 June 2015

Current and former Defence Force personnel are calling for a wide-ranging inquiry into whether thousands of servicemen and women have suffered serious illnesses due to exposure to toxic jet fuel.

http://www.abc.net.au/news/2015-06-30/defence-personnel-call-for-jet-fuel-inquiry-range-of-illnesses/6583982

Rapid Ebola diagnostic successful in field trial

(Harvard Medical School 25 June 2015) A new test can accurately diagnose Ebola virus disease within minutes at the point of care.

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Fetuses more vulnerable to some environmental contaminants penetrating into cord blood

(Pohang University of Science & Technology (POSTECH) 25 June 2015) A new research featured in the Environmental Science and Technology published by the American Chemical Society suggests that the fetus is more vulnerable to some pollutants with certain properties because they penetrate further into the feto-maternal system. The research found that distributions of pollutants and the mechanisms of distributions vary depending on each pollutant’s physicochemical characteristics.

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New, robust and inexpensive technique for protein analysis in tissues

(Uppsala University 12 June 2015) A new technique to study proteins, which does not require advanced equipment, specialized labs or expensive reagents, has been developed at Uppsala University, Sweden. The technique could be further developed to be used in point of care devices, for instance for diagnostic purposes.

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Ebola crisis: Rapid blood test as accurate as laboratory test, scientists say after patient trial

ABC News AFP 26 June 2015

A 15-minute, on-the-spot blood test for Ebola is as accurate as the most widely-used laboratory-based test, scientists say after a patient trial.
An affordable, rapid diagnostic test would be an invaluable tool for health workers on the ground, allowing them to quickly identify and isolate infected individuals and curtail the spread of the deadly haemorrhagic virus.
Dubbed ReEBOV, the kit works with a drop of blood from a finger prick and a test strip that changes colour in five to 15 minutes.
It requires very little training to use, but one potential drawback is that it needs refrigeration.
The standard test in use today, RealStar RT-PCR, requires analysis of much larger blood samples at a laboratory with a high biosafety level and trained staff — facilities often not within easy reach of outbreak zones.

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New approach holds promise for earlier, easier detection of colorectal cancer

EurekAlert 25 June 2015

Chemists at Caltech have developed a new sensitive technique capable of detecting colorectal cancer in tissue samples — a method that could one day be used in clinical settings for the early diagnosis of colorectal cancer.
Colorectal cancer is the third most prevalent cancer worldwide and is estimated to cause about 700,000 deaths every year. Metastasis due to late detection is one of the major causes of mortality from this disease; therefore, a sensitive and early indicator could be a critical tool for physicians and patients.

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