Category Archives: Virology

INCLUDES Measles; Smallpox; Virus genotyping; Hepatitis – all; Waterborne virus (Norovirus, Rotavirus), population health, communicable diseases, gastrointestinal disease outbreaks.
EXCLUDES Lyssavirus, Hendra, Influenza or Vectorborne diseases

Home HIV tests coming to Australia

Brisbane Times Julie Medew 24 July 2016

An HIV test that can be purchased without a prescription could soon be available in Australia, allowing people to privately get a result within 15 minutes.

CEO of Australian company Atomo Diagnostics, John Kelly, said he was hoping Atomo would become the first to sell HIV tests directly to consumers in Australia, so people don’t have to go to clinics and potentially wait days for a result.

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Pills are a total scam: supposed homeopathic vaccines being sold online are plain sugar

Courier Mail Rose Brennan 23 July 2016 pp. 4-5

A Brisbane woman selling homeopathic medicines as vaccine alternatives for infectious diseases for children and travellers has been found to be selling vials containing sucrose.

Request a copy of the article (QH Staff only)

Chasing fire: Fever and human mobility in an epidemic

EurkeAlert 19 July 2016

Disease ecologists working in the Amazonian city of Iquitos, Peru, have quantified for the first time how a fever affects human mobility during the outbreak of a mosquito-borne pathogen. The findings were published by Proceedings of the Royal Society B.

“When you are sick with dengue, or another illness causing fever, your behavior can change,” says Gonzalo Vazquez-Prokopec, an assistant professor in Emory University’s Department of Environmental Sciences, and senior author of the study. “We’ve found that people with a fever visit 30 percent fewer locations on average than those who do not have a fever, and that they spend more time closer to home. It may sound like stating the obvious, but such data have practical applications to understand how human behavior shapes epidemics. No one had previously quantified how a symptom such as fever changes mobility patterns, individually and across a population, in a tropical urban setting like Iquitos.”

http://www.eurekalert.org/pub_releases/2016-07/ehs-cff071916.php

Request a copy of the source article ‘Calling in sick: impacs of fever on intra-urban human mobility’

Unusual US Zika virus case baffles experts

BBC News 19 July 2016

Experts are trying to work out exactly how a US carer has caught Zika after tending to a dying elderly man with the virus.

Until now it was thought that only mosquitoes and sex spread Zika, as well as the risk of mother-to-child transmission in the womb.

The carer, from Utah, did not have any of these known risk factors.

US officials say they are monitoring the situation carefully and carrying out more tests.

http://www.bbc.com/news/health-36833321

Fake vaccine scandal prompts Indonesian parents to rush to inoculate children

ABC News 20 July 2016

In Indonesia there are calls for the death penalty to apply to those convicted of being involved in the criminal syndicate police say operated for 13 years but only came to the public’s attention late last month.

The doctors, nurses and suppliers involved passed off saline solution, in some cases mixed with antibiotics, as vaccinations including for hepatitis C, hepatitis A, measles, tetanus and whooping cough, in a nation where the diseases are prevalent.

http://www.abc.net.au/news/2016-07-20/fake-vaccine-scandal-rocks-indonesia/7642850

Antibiotic overuse prescription for danger warns departing chief medical officer Chris Baggoley

Sydney Morning Herald Stephen Jeffery 17 July 2016

Australia’s outgoing medical chief says the country faces “extraordinary” economic and health impacts if it continues to overuse antibiotics.

Professor Chris Baggoley, who retired as the nation’s chief medical officer on Friday, said the unnecessary prescription of antibiotics for viral illnesses remained at high levels in Australia, risking the spread of medication-resistant bacterial infections.

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HIV cure potential after new protein found by Queensland researcher

ABC News Kym Agius 15 July 2016

A protein has been developed in Brisbane which switches off HIV infection in cells, potentially paving the way for a cure for the deadly virus.
Associate Professor David Harrich made the antiviral protein, known as the “Nullbasic”, by mutating an existing HIV protein.
Once HIV-infected cells were treated with the protein, they stopped making virus particles.

Read more: http://www.abc.net.au/news/2016-07-15/hiv-breakthrough-brisbane-harrich-nullbasic-aids-aimr-berghofer/7631328