Category Archives: Forensic DNA

Journal articles relating to forensic DNA including disaster victim identification.

New book in the Library collection – Forensic science and the administration of justice

Forensic science and the administration of justice: critical issues and directions (2015) Kevin J. Strom & Matthew J. Hickman

Uniting forensics, law, and social science in meaningful and relevant ways, Forensic Science and the Administration of Justice is structured around current research on how forensic evidence is being used and how it is impacting the justice system. This unique book includes five sections that explore the demand for forensic services, the quality of forensic services, the utility of forensic services, post-conviction forensic issues, and the future role of forensic science in the administration of justice. The authors offer policy-relevant directions for both the criminal justice and forensic fields and demonstrate how the role of the crime laboratory in the American justice system is evolving in concert with technological advances as well as changing demands and competing pressures for laboratory resources.

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Bad hair: the legal response to mass forensic errors

Litigation (American Bar Association) Volume 42 Number 4, Summer 2016 pp. 32-36

Describes the case of Santae Tribble convicted for murder based on the unsound FBI analysis of hair and subsequently exonerated by DNA analysis.  Commentary on the findings of the 2009 National Academy of Sciences report and systemic problems with the use of forensic evidence and subsequent FBI review of cases involving hair analysis.

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Australian Journal of Forensic Sciences

Table of Contents  |  Volume 48, Issue 4, 2016

Selected articles:

Forensic science – it’s bigger than you think! [Editorial]

Genetic identification of degraded and/or inhibited DNA samples

Evaluation of commercial DNA extraction methods for biosecurity applications

 

Australian Journal of Forensic Sciences

Table of Contents | Volume 48, Issue 5, 2016

Selected articles:

A proportionate approach to accreditation for sole traders and small-to-medium providers of forensic services — a UK versus Australian perspective [Editorial]

Model forensic science

The attitude of people with an Arabic Islamic cultural background toward medico-legal autopsy

 

Hijacked journals, hijacked web-sites, journal phishing, misleading metrics, and predatory publishing: actual and potential threats to academic integrity and publishing ethics

Forensic Science, Medicine, and Pathology First Online:24 June 2016

Academic research has always faced challenges associated with assuring its quality and seeking optimal ways of representing results. Conducting a high level of research and selecting a suitable target publisher and journal require careful attention. The choice of publishing venue has been expanded by the open access (OA) movement, spurring additional scientific activity. The benefits of OA, which consist, generally speaking, in making the results of empirical research and/or the results of intellectual work available almost immediately and to a wide audience, have also introduced a number of threats and challenges to the academic world. On one hand, the number of opportunities to publish has increased significantly. On the other hand, the traditional system of peer review that was always perceived to exert a level of control by the academic community with respect to the quality of publications, has become less strict and rigorous, or has shown flaws. Collectively, a researcher faces a number of challenges when wanting to publish in an OA journal. This paper focuses on some of the threats to the integrity of the expanding OA movement, specifically hijacked journals, hijacked web-sites, journal phishing, misleading metrics, and predatory publishing.

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Australia launches its first body farm

APJ: Australian Police Journal – Volume 70, June 2016, Pages 54-59;

In February 2016, the University of Technology, Sydney officially opened Australia’s first ‘body farm’. Until earlier this year, human decomposition facilities (the preferred description for body farms) only existed in the USA. While the data produced by these facilities was invaluable for demonstrating how a body goes through the process of decomposition, it was not directly applicable to the process of decomposition in Australia.

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Evaluation of macroscopic changes and the efficiency of DNA profiling from burnt teeth

Science & Justice Available online 16 June 2016

Identification of human remains subjected to incineration is extremely challenging. Our study evaluates the macroscopic changes and efficiency of DNA profiling in burnt teeth under controlled temperature and time conditions. 28 teeth were exposed to temperatures between 100 and 700 °C for a duration of 1–15 min. Two non-burnt teeth were used as control. Macroscopic changes were evaluated and recorded. DNA was extracted using a silica-based methodology. Efficiency of DNA profiling was assessed through Quantitative PCR for STRs. Burnt teeth reached chalky white appearance at 400 °C 5 min and fractures were observed from 300 °C 10 min. Amplification of STRs was very low from 300 °C and 1 or 5 min. In contrast, the housekeeping gene, GAPDH, was amplified in all combinations of temperatures and times. Although it is possible to amplify the housekeeping gene at high temperature, DNA profiling is difficult to obtain, probably due to small size of these regions making them more prone to degradation.

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