Forensic science and the administration of justice: critical issues and directions (2015) Kevin J. Strom & Matthew J. Hickman
Uniting forensics, law, and social science in meaningful and relevant ways, Forensic Science and the Administration of Justice is structured around current research on how forensic evidence is being used and how it is impacting the justice system. This unique book includes five sections that explore the demand for forensic services, the quality of forensic services, the utility of forensic services, post-conviction forensic issues, and the future role of forensic science in the administration of justice. The authors offer policy-relevant directions for both the criminal justice and forensic fields and demonstrate how the role of the crime laboratory in the American justice system is evolving in concert with technological advances as well as changing demands and competing pressures for laboratory resources.
If you would like to borrow this item, click on the book title (ensure your details are correct) and click SEND. If the book is currently on loan, we will add your details to the reservations list.
Litigation (American Bar Association) Volume 42 Number 4, Summer 2016 pp. 32-36
Describes the case of Santae Tribble convicted for murder based on the unsound FBI analysis of hair and subsequently exonerated by DNA analysis. Commentary on the findings of the 2009 National Academy of Sciences report and systemic problems with the use of forensic evidence and subsequent FBI review of cases involving hair analysis.
Request a copy of the article (QH Staff only)
Forensic Science, Medicine, and Pathology First Online:24 June 2016
Academic research has always faced challenges associated with assuring its quality and seeking optimal ways of representing results. Conducting a high level of research and selecting a suitable target publisher and journal require careful attention. The choice of publishing venue has been expanded by the open access (OA) movement, spurring additional scientific activity. The benefits of OA, which consist, generally speaking, in making the results of empirical research and/or the results of intellectual work available almost immediately and to a wide audience, have also introduced a number of threats and challenges to the academic world. On one hand, the number of opportunities to publish has increased significantly. On the other hand, the traditional system of peer review that was always perceived to exert a level of control by the academic community with respect to the quality of publications, has become less strict and rigorous, or has shown flaws. Collectively, a researcher faces a number of challenges when wanting to publish in an OA journal. This paper focuses on some of the threats to the integrity of the expanding OA movement, specifically hijacked journals, hijacked web-sites, journal phishing, misleading metrics, and predatory publishing.
View the fulltext (QH staff only)
APJ: Australian Police Journal – Volume 70, June 2016, Pages 54-59;
In February 2016, the University of Technology, Sydney officially opened Australia’s first ‘body farm’. Until earlier this year, human decomposition facilities (the preferred description for body farms) only existed in the USA. While the data produced by these facilities was invaluable for demonstrating how a body goes through the process of decomposition, it was not directly applicable to the process of decomposition in Australia.
Request a copy of the article (QH Staff only)
Science & Justice Available online 16 June 2016
Identification of human remains subjected to incineration is extremely challenging. Our study evaluates the macroscopic changes and efficiency of DNA profiling in burnt teeth under controlled temperature and time conditions. 28 teeth were exposed to temperatures between 100 and 700 °C for a duration of 1–15 min. Two non-burnt teeth were used as control. Macroscopic changes were evaluated and recorded. DNA was extracted using a silica-based methodology. Efficiency of DNA profiling was assessed through Quantitative PCR for STRs. Burnt teeth reached chalky white appearance at 400 °C 5 min and fractures were observed from 300 °C 10 min. Amplification of STRs was very low from 300 °C and 1 or 5 min. In contrast, the housekeeping gene, GAPDH, was amplified in all combinations of temperatures and times. Although it is possible to amplify the housekeeping gene at high temperature, DNA profiling is difficult to obtain, probably due to small size of these regions making them more prone to degradation.
Click here to read full text