Category Archives: Forensic pathology

Journal articles relating to forensic pathology including coronial autopsies and Disaster victim identification.

New book in the Library collection – Forensic odontology

Forensic odontology: principles and practice (2016) / Jane A. Taylor ed.

This text pulls together the very latest research findings and advice on best practice and essential skills, including aspects of forensic science that provide a well-rounded educational experience for the reader. Contents:

1 Foundation knowledge in forensic odontology
2 Jurisprudence and forensic practice
3 Anatomy and morphology
4 Forensic pathology
5 Human identification
6 Mortuary techniques
7 Age assessment
8 Bite marks (Alex Forrest & Alistair Soon)
9 Forensic odontology in disaster victim identification
10 Forensic anthropology
11 Applied forensic sciences
12 Odontology opinions
13 Forensic odontology management
14 Application of post‐mortem computed tomography to forensic odontology

If you would like to borrow this item, click on the book title (make sure your details are correct) and click SEND.  If the book is currently on loan, we will add your details to the reservations list.

New book in the Library collection – Brisbane diseased

Brisbane diseased: contagions, cures and controversy (2016) / Brisbane History Group

Explores the fascinating history of disease in Brisbane and its surrounds. A number of the papers were presented in July 2015 at a Brisbane History Group seminar, held at the Marks-Hirschfeld Museum of Medical History.

Written by doctors, academics and others with special expertise in medical history, the chapters look at the controversies arising out of urban contagions and the attempts to cure them. Topics include:

• the slow acceptance of the medical discovery that many Queensland children were suffering from lead poisoning

• Brisbane’s experiences of the bubonic plague

• the arrival of ‘Spanish flu’ at the end of World War I (by Helen V. Smith)

• the eradication of polio, the last great childhood plague

• the battle to improve hygienic conditions at the Brisbane city mortuary

If you would like to borrow this item, click on the book title (make sure your details are correct) and click SEND.  If the book is currently on loan, we will add your details to the reservations list.

Model forensic science

Australian Journal of Forensic Sciences Published online: 05 Apr 2016

This article provides an explanation of the duties and responsibilities owed by forensic practitioners (and other expert witnesses) when preparing for and presenting evidence in criminal proceedings. It is written in the shadow of reports by the National Academy of Sciences (US), the National Institute of Standards and Technology (US), the Scottish Fingerprint Inquiry and a recent publication entitled ‘How to cross-examine forensic scientists: A guide for Lawyers’. The article examines potential responses to questions focused on the need for scientific research, validation, uncertainties, limitations and error, contextual bias and the way expert opinions are expressed in reports and oral testimony. Responses and the discussion is developed around thematics such as disclosure, transparency, epistemic modesty and impartiality derived from modern admissibility and procedure rules, codes of conduct, ethical and professional responsibilities and employment contracts. The article explains why forensic practitioners must respond to the rules and expectations of adversarial legal institutions. Simultaneously, in line with accusatorial principles, it suggests that forensic practitioners employed by the state ought to conduct themselves as model forensic scientists.

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Evaluation of post-mortem lateral cerebral ventricle changes using sequential scans during post-mortem computed tomography

International Journal of Legal Medicine First online:05 April 2016

In the present study, we evaluated post-mortem lateral cerebral ventricle (LCV) changes using computed tomography (CT). Subsequent periodical CT scans termed “sequential scans” were obtained for three cadavers. The first scan was performed immediately after the body was transferred from the emergency room to the institute of legal medicine. Sequential scans were obtained and evaluated for 24 h at maximum. The time of death had been determined in the emergency room. The sequential scans enabled us to observe periodical post-mortem changes in CT images. The series of continuous LCV images obtained up to 24 h (two cases)/16 h (1 case) after death was evaluated. The average Hounsfield units (HU) within the LCVs progressively increased, and LCV volume progressively decreased over time. The HU in the cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) increased at an individual rate proportional to the post-mortem interval (PMI). Thus, an early longitudinal radiodensity change in the CSF could be potential indicator of post-mortem interval (PMI). Sequential imaging scans reveal post-mortem changes in the CSF space which may reflect post-mortem brain alterations. Further studies are needed to evaluate the proposed CSF change markers in correlation with other validated PMI indicators.

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Establishing Standards for Side-by-Side Radiographic Comparisons

American Journal of Forensic Medicine & Pathology April 12, 2016

A set of radiographic view standards using three views provides a consistent approach to positive identification, according to a study published in the American Journal of Forensic Medicine and Pathology.
Researchers from North Carolina State University in Raleigh, Middle Tennessee State University in Murfreesboro, and the University of South Florida in Tampa evaluated the use of various anatomical features visible in standard radiographs in order to develop a system that would make it possible to make positive identifications through radiographic comparisons.
“In the past, forensic experts have relied on a mixed bag of standards when comparing ante mortem and post mortem X-rays to establish a positive identification for a body – but previous research has shown that even experts can have trouble making accurate identifications,” lead author Ann Ross, PhD, professor of anthropology at North Carolina State University, said in a release.
The researchers used antemortem and postmortem images of the most frequent radiographs performed in a clinical setting. They used 41 craniofacial, 100 chest, and 49 proximal femur images, which they scored for the number of concordant features. These were then analyzed using classification decision trees.

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Death associated with the use of the synthetic cannabinoid ADB-FUBINACA

J Anal Toxicol (January 2016) 40 (3): 236-239. doi: 10.1093/jat/bkv142

Synthetic cannabinoids have been found in herbal incense products for the last several years. We report the rapid death of an individual that was certified as synthetic cannabinoid-associated. The autopsy blood specimen was extracted by a liquid–liquid extraction at pH 10.2 into a hexane–ethyl acetate mixture and analyzed by a generalized synthetic cannabinoid LC–MS-MS method. For this case report, we briefly describe the instrumental analysis and extraction methods for the detection of ADB-FUBINACA in postmortem blood, toxicological results for the postmortem blood specimen (ADB-FUBINACA, 7.3 ng/mL; THC, 1.1 ng/mL; THC-COOH, 4.7 ng/mL), case information and circumstances and pertinent findings at autopsy. The cause of death was certified as coronary arterial thrombosis in combination with synthetic cannabinoid use. Manner of death was accident.

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The forensic implications of predatory publishing

Forensic Science, Medicine, and Pathology First online: 02 April 2016

…In this Editorial I would like to focus on requests for
submission for publication in certain online journals, as
these have a much darker side. While online publishing
clearly involves many quite reputable journals, the proliferation
of predatory journals means that nowadays, for a
price, anyone can have almost anything published.

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