Category Archives: Leadership / Management

Journal articles relating to leadership and management

Developing tailored planning models for forensic organisations

Australian Journal of Forensic Sciences Published online: 12 Apr 2016

Forensic laboratories traditionally focus on the development of scientific excellence to gain and maintain expertise and capability for their core purpose with respect to the provision of sound, impartial analysis of potential evidence, while managing increasingly tight budgets and growing demand. One downside to this primary focus is the lower prioritisation afforded to strategic and operational planning, despite its potential to substantially improve service delivery and enhance efficiency. Here, we focus on traditional planning models used by forensic laboratories and their shortfalls, and we examine options for improvement. Contemporary planning methodologies are assessed for their applicability and one improved planning model is developed and its potential benefits are evaluated.

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The forensic implications of predatory publishing

Forensic Science, Medicine, and Pathology First online: 02 April 2016

…In this Editorial I would like to focus on requests for
submission for publication in certain online journals, as
these have a much darker side. While online publishing
clearly involves many quite reputable journals, the proliferation
of predatory journals means that nowadays, for a
price, anyone can have almost anything published.

Link to full-text article: http://link.springer.com/article/10.1007%2Fs12024-016-9771-3

New publication available online – Potential research priorities to inform public health and medical practice for domestic Zika virus

Potential research priorities to inform public health and medical practice for domestic Zika virus: Workshop in brief (2016) National Academies of Sciences, Engineering & Medicine (US)

Given the recent rapid spread of Zika virus (ZIKV) throughout the Americas and the presence of its vector mosquito species within parts of the United States, RADM Nicole Lurie, Assistant Secretary for Preparedness and Response, U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, determined an urgent need for additional research to better characterize ZIKV, especially those issues related to the means of transmission and infection during pregnancy. The National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine convened a 1-day public workshop on February 16, 2016, to discuss and explore key factors associated with ZIKV.

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New book available online – Responsible research with biological select agents and toxins

Responsible research with biological select agents and toxins (2009) National Research Council

This book evaluates both the physical security of select agent laboratories and personnel reliability measures designed to ensure the trustworthiness of those with access to biological select agents and toxins. The book offers a set of guiding principles and recommended changes to minimise security risk and facilitate the productivity of research. The book recommends fostering a culture of trust and responsibility in the laboratory, engaging the community in oversight of the Select Agent Program, and enhancing the operation of the Select Agent Program.

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New book available online – The 2nd International forum on biosecurity

The 2nd International forum on biosecurity: Summary of an international meeting, Budapest, Hungary, March 30 to April 2, 2008 (2009) National Research Council

The 2nd International Forum on Biosecurity, held in Budapest, Hungary in 2008 represents the efforts of a number of individuals and organisations to engage the international community of life scientists in addressing how to reduce the risk that the results of their work could be used for hostile purposes by terrorists and states.

The participants who gathered were already engaged in this challenging task, and, therefore, the focus of the meeting was on what had been accomplished and what challenges remained. There was no attempt to achieve consensus, since there exist real and important differences among those involved concerning the appropriate policies and actions to be undertaken. But there was a serious effort to identify a range of potential next steps, and also an effort to identify opportunities where international scientific organisations could make substantive contributions and offer their advice and expertise to policy discussions. The Forum’s presentations, discussions, and results are summarised in this book.

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New book available online – Perspectives on research with H5N1 Avian Influenza

Perspectives on research with H5N1 Avian Influenza: Scientific inquiry, communication, controversy: Summary of a workshop (2013) National Research Council & Institute of Medicine

When, in late 2011, it became public knowledge that two research groups had submitted for publication manuscripts that reported on their work on mammalian transmissibility of a lethal H5N1 avian influenza strain, the information caused an international debate about the appropriateness and communication of the researchers’ work, the risks associated with the work, partial or complete censorship of scientific publications, and dual-use research of concern in general.

Recognising that the H5N1 research is only the most recent scientific activity subject to widespread attention due to safety and security concerns the National Research Council’s Committee on Science, Technology and Law, in conjunction with the Board on Life Sciences and the Institute of Medicine’s Forum on Microbial Threats, convened a one-day public workshop for the purposes of

  • discussing the H5N1 controversy
  • considering responses by the National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (NIAID), which had funded this research, the World Health Organization, the US National Science Advisory Board for Biosecurity (NSABB), scientific publishers, and members of the international research community; and
  • providing a forum wherein the concerns and interests of the broader community of stakeholders, including policy makers, biosafety and biosecurity experts, non-governmental organisations, international organisations, and the general public might be articulated.

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New book available online – Biosecurity challenges of the global expansion of high-containment biological laboratories

Biosecurity challenges of the global expansion of high-containment biological laboratories: Summary of a workshop (2012) National Academy of Sciences & National Research Council

During July 10-13, 2011, 68 participants from 32 countries gathered in Istanbul for a workshop organised by the US National Research Council on Anticipating Biosecurity Challenges of the Global Expansion of High-containment Biological Laboratories. The US Department of State’s Biosecurity Engagement Program sponsored the workshop, held in partnership with the Turkish Academy of Sciences. The international workshop examined biosafety and biosecurity issues related to the design, construction, maintenance, and operation of high-containment biological laboratories- equivalent to United States Centers for Disease Control and Prevention biological safety level 3 or 4 labs. Although these laboratories are needed to characterise highly dangerous human and animal pathogens, assist in disease surveillance, and produce vaccines, they are complex systems with inherent risks.

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