Category Archives: Leadership / Management

Journal articles relating to leadership and management

New journal welcoming submissions! Analytical Chemistry Research launches mid-2014

Elsevier has announced the launch of Analytical Chemistry Research, a new Elsevier Open Access journal that specifically welcomes the submission of research papers which report studies concerning the development of analytical methodologies. Scrutiny will be placed on the significance of the research and the extent to which it adds, or supports, existing knowledge when determining its suitability for publication.

The first issue of Analytical Chemistry Research, is planned to be published in mid-2014. Be part of this first issue and submit your paper now!  Papers will be freely available on ScienceDirect.

The Editor is Professor Alan Townshend, long-standing editor of Analytica Chimica Acta.

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View Guide for Authors

Journal of Law and Medicine Vol 21 no 2 December 2013

Regulating the use of human bodily material [Editorial]

The articles in this special issue consider recent developments in the law regulating the use of human bodily material and the wider implications of those developments. For some time, the law has accepted that a person who has undertaken “work and skill” on excised bodily material may obtain at least a possessory right; but the person from whom the material came did not have such a right. Now, however, the law has recognised that people may have some legal rights regarding their own bodily material. What is the nature and source of those rights? Should they be expanded? If so, what legal principles are best to do that? The most frequent suggestion is the law of property but many other areas of law are also relevant: the law of contract; tort (bailment and consent); criminal law (e.g., forensic testing); gifts; custodianship and others. These regulatory options are outlined in this editorial and discussed by lawyers and other contributors in their articles in this special issue. There are also stimulating philosophical reflections on the nature of human bodily material.

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Relational bodies

This article argues that debates over the legal status of bodies reveal a much deeper  dispute over the nature of the self. In these discussions lawyers and ethicists have much to learn from a more profound understanding of the biological nature of the body. Far from being a static entity, the body is constantly recreating itself. It contains parts that are organisms in their own right. Bodies are dependent upon other bodies and the external environment for survival. The complex biological picture reflects a philosophical truth that
bodies are interdependent and “leaky”. We should not, therefore, expect a single legal regime, such as property, to capture the biological and ethical values that are at stake in relation to every part of the body. A more complex statutory regime is required to recognise the complexity of the interests in, and nature of, different body parts.

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Property or not property? The spectrum of approaches to regulating theuse of human bodily material

This article presents the case for taking a property approach in regulating the use of human  bodily material. It examines the current debates on the issue and outlines the various perspectives, ranging from the anti-property stance, through the spectrum of positions on modified and semi-proprietary approaches, through to the “full-blooded” property approach advocated by some commentators. It elucidates why those approaches that allow some proprietary aspects into regulation are to be preferred.

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New book in the library – Managing and using information systems

Managing and using information systems: a strategic approach (2013) / Keri E. Pearlson & Carol S. Saunders

This brief, but complete, paperback builds a basic framework for the relationships among business strategy, information systems, and organizational strategies. Readers will learn how IT relate to organizational design and business strategy, how to recognize opportunities in the work environment, and how to apply current technologies in innovative ways.

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New book in the library collection – 7 habits of highly effective people

The 7 habits of highly effective people, 25th anniversary ed. (2013) / Stephen R. Covey.

“In The 7 Habits of Highly Effective People, author Stephen R. Covey presents a holistic, integrated, principle-centered approach for solving personal and professional problems. With penetrating insights and pointed anecdotes, Covey reveals a step-by-step pathway for living with fairness, integrity, honesty, and human dignity — principles that give us the security to adapt to change and the wisdom and power to take advantage of the opportunities that change creates. “

If you would like to borrow this item, click on the book title (make sure your details are correct) and click SEND.  If the book is currently on loan, we will add your details to the reservations list. Where demand is very high for popular titles,  loan periods may be reduced to two weeks.

Forensic Science Policy & Management: Volume 4, Issue 1-2, 2013

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Informing the Future: Discussion of Model Forensic Laboratories

Editorial

A “Gold Standard” Forensic Laboratory Model

What might a “gold standard” or perfect public forensic laboratory model be? Is there such a thing as a perfect model? Public forensic laboratories can be set up and operated in a variety of ways but no single, exemplary structure exists. This article addresses such questions about forensic laboratories as, “To which agency in local, state or federal government should a forensic laboratory be placed?”, “Is there such a thing as an appropriate level of service?”, and “Is the present system of delivering forensic science services within the criminal justice system the most efficient or effective arrangement?”, in the discussion of what a model forensic laboratory might look like.

The Forensic Sciences: Ideally, How Might They be Delivered?

It may reasonably be argued that the existing “non-system” delivery of forensic science services in the United States described in the report is because it was never planned or developed as a system. There never has been a conceptual model for an ideal, effective, efficient, reliable forensic science delivery system. Developing such a model would be a substantial challenge and would require a significant effort by knowledgeable creative stakeholders. One such model, the conceptualization of an ideal forensic science delivery system, is described in this article.

Criteria and Concepts for a Model Forensic Science Laboratory

The National Academy of Sciences Forensic Science Committee issued a report in 2009 that raised a number of issues concerning forensic science. One of the major criticisms of the report concerned the nature of forensic science laboratories in the U.S. The report focused on the fragmentation of the system, the lack of universal accreditation and certification of laboratories and personnel, the management and funding models and a serious lack of standards in reporting, terminology, and methods of analysis. The question thus arises; if one could design the model of a forensic science laboratory, what should it look like? What should its management structure be? Should it be affiliated with a law enforcement agency or independent? Must it be accredited? Must all of the scientists who work in the lab be certified? What standards should be developed that govern the operation of the laboratory? What types of training should be put in place? The answers to these and other, similar questions can provide a framework for the design and implementation of a model forensic science laboratory. In the opinion of the author, such a lab would be independent of law enforcement, accredited and certified, be independently funded by the jurisdiction within which it lies, have standardized, documented training protocols, standardized, validated methods of analysis and a role for research into new methods of analysis. These and other issues are discussed.

A Review and Commentary on the Model Forensic Science Laboratory

Forensic science is a unique discipline; it is like no other professional enterprise. First and foremost, our work is done in an adversarial system of the courts. In the United States, this poses a unique juxtaposition that places professionals in science and the law to debate truth versus justice. Secondarily, the producers of forensic science deliverables are considered “high reliability organizations” or HROs. We are responsible for the production and transformation of information from raw materials that are insulted, degraded, and contaminated collected from non-pristine and non-controlled environments and have to turn that into “perfect” information. No other industry or enterprise has this level of difficulty or responsibility in producing its work product. This article is a response to the three model proposals in this issue, offering a commentary and vision of the future for a model forensic science laboratory.

10 Criteria Defining a Model Forensic Science Laboratory

This article attempts to answer the question: If it had to be done over again, knowing what is known now, how would the ideal forensic science laboratory be constructed, organized, and operated? A project was initiated to answer this question by the Laura and John Arnold Foundation in Houston, Texas, which brought together select, influential, and highly recognized forensic science icons to discuss and document the elements of the model forensic science laboratory—to the extent that such a model could actually exist. Barry A.J. Fisher, Doug M. Lucas, and Jay A. Siegel (the project team) each authored, independently, a manuscript outlining what they believed were the critical elements or criteria defining the model forensic science laboratory. Once the aforementioned manuscripts were completed, the project team requested that this article be written to independently review, consolidate, and comment on the work of the project team writers.

New in the collection – Forensic Technologies Market 2013-2019

Forensic technologies market: (physical crime forensics, laboratory forensics, portable forensics, forensic tools and products) Industry analysis, size, share, growth, trends and forecast, 2013-2019

This report studies the market for forensic technologies from the point of view of the various services offered in the market. The overall forensic technologies/services market is classified into DNA profiling, biometrics/fingerprints analysis, chemical (drugs/explosives/toxicology) analysis and firearms identification and analysis. Each of these segments is further divided into different sub-segments based on the service type. The forensic technologies/services market is also studied from the aspect of location or point of delivery of forensic technologies/services. The market size and forecast for the period 2011 – 2019, in terms of USD million, considering 2012 as the base year has been provided for each segment and sub-segment in the report. The compound annual growth rate (CAGR) for each segment has been provided for the forecast period from 2013 – 2019.  more

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Employee perceptions of workplace bullying and their implications

International journal of workplace health management 2013; 6(2): 1.

Purpose – The study investigates whether perceptions of workplace bullying have evolved to encompass a holistic appreciation that includes both physical and psychological components of this costly phenomenon, and to assess the effectiveness of relevant training programs in a major retail organisation.

Design/methodology/approach – A qualitative methodology is adopted. Thirty semi-structured interviews were conducted with frontline employees and management in an organisation comprising several retail outlets.

Findings – The interviews reveal that although participants experienced a variety of behaviours associated with workplace bullying and harassment, these behaviours were commonly ignored or neglected until they escalated into confrontation and threatened productivity and profitability. Employees and supervisory staff had minimal appreciation, practical skills, or training on how to deal effectively with negative workplace behaviours.

Research limitations/implications – A limitation of the study is that the data are sourced from a single organisation. The findings highlight the need to evaluate the effectiveness and relevance of OH&S policies and procedures, and to expand their focus beyond the physical paradigm to incorporate also psychosocial and psychological, risk and injury.

Originality/value – The study provides a unique examination of whether management and staff incorporate both physical and psychological aspects of Occupational Health and Safety.

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StandardsWatch Service for FSS staff

Information and Research Services maintains a subscription to StandardsWatch for Forensic and Scientific Services staff.
Through this service we can monitor Australian or International Standards and advise you when a standard is new, amended or superseded.
If you have standards that you would like IRS to add to StandardsWatch, please email FSS_IRS@health.qld.gov.au with the Standard number and title for each standard you would like us to watch and we will alert you whenever changes occur.  (For FSS staff only)

Analysis of environmental contamination resulting from catastrophic incidents: Part 2. Building laboratory capability by selecting and developing analytical methodologies

Environment International Available online 22 February 2014;  http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.envint.2014.01.021

Catastrophic incidents can generate a large number of samples of analytically diverse types, including forensic, clinical, environmental, food, and others. Environmental samples include water, wastewater, soil, air, urban building and infrastructure materials, and surface residue. Such samples may arise not only from contamination from the incident but also from the multitude of activities surrounding the response to the incident, including decontamination. This document summarizes a range of activities to help build laboratory capability in preparation for sample analysis following a catastrophic incident, including selection and development of fit-for-purpose analytical methods for chemical, biological, and radiological contaminants. Fit-for-purpose methods are those which have been selected to meet project specific data quality objectives. For example, methods could be fit for screening contamination in the early phases of investigation of contamination incidents because they are rapid and easily implemented, but those same methods may not be fit for the purpose of remediating the environment to acceptable levels when a more sensitive method is required. While the exact data quality objectives defining fitness-for-purpose can vary with each incident, a governing principle of the method selection and development process for environmental remediation and recovery is based on achieving high throughput while maintaining high quality analytical results. This paper illustrates the result of applying this principle, in the form of a compendium of analytical methods for contaminants of interest. The compendium is based on experience with actual incidents, where appropriate and available. This paper also discusses efforts aimed at adaptation of existing methods to increase fitness-for-purpose and development of innovative methods when necessary. The contaminants of interest are primarily those potentially released through catastrophes resulting from malicious activity. However, the same techniques discussed could also have application to catastrophes resulting from other incidents, such as natural disasters or industrial accidents. Further, the high sample throughput enabled by the techniques discussed could be employed for conventional environmental studies and compliance monitoring, potentially decreasing costs and/or increasing the quantity of data available to decision-makers.

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The evolution of the modern criminal trial: a plethora of change

Australian Journal of Forensic Sciences Published online: 30 Jan 2014

This paper explores changes over recent decades to the law governing a Queensland criminal trial, from committal through to the Judge’s summing up. Reforms have included: substantial removal of the accused’s entitlement to a committal hearing; the restriction of the exposure of child witnesses in relation to sexual offences; the prosecution’s enhanced duty of disclosure; the 1997 introduction of a facility for pre-trial directions hearings; the increasing scope for judges to instruct the jury, from trial commencement, since the 1980s; 1995 reforms in relation to jury empanelment, removing parties’ unlimited peremptory rights of challenge without cause; and changes to trial evidence presentation, with growing use of audiovisual technologies and restrictions on the cross-examination of rape complainants. The paper raises further possible reforms, such as strengthening the disclosure requirements of the defence and empowering judges to assist jurors’ understanding of what constitutes ‘beyond reasonable doubt’, with Victorian legislation as a model.

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