Category Archives: Leadership / Management

Journal articles relating to leadership and management

Insights into workplace bullying: psychosocial drivers and effective interventions

Psychology Research and Behavior Management  Volume 9 pp. 157—169;  DOI: 10.2147/PRBM.S91211

Abstract: Research on effectiveness of workplace bullying interventions has lagged behind descriptive studies on this topic. The literature on bullying intervention research has only recently expanded to a point that allows for synthesis of findings across empirical studies. This study addresses the question of whether workplace bullying can be reduced in prevalence and consequences, if so to what extent and by which strategies and interventions. It opens with a brief overview of the nature of bullying at work and discussion of some precursors and existing interventions. However, its principal focus is on the findings obtained from selected (quasi-) experimental longitudinal studies on antibullying interventions, drawing together the results of studies conducted in Europe, USA, and Australia, including several economic sectors, and concerned about primary, secondary, and tertiary prevention programs and strategies. Additional emphasis is considered from the psychosocial drivers highlighted both from prescriptive and cross-sectional studies and factual empirical studies. One randomized control study and seven quasiexperimental longitudinal studies were identified by searching electronic databases and bibliographies and via contact with experts. The majority of outcomes evidenced some level of change, mostly positive, suggesting that workplace bullying interventions are more likely to affect knowledge, attitudes, and self-perceptions, but actual bullying behaviors showed much more mixed results. In general, growing effectiveness was stated as the level of intervention increased from primary to tertiary prevention. However, methodological problems relating to the evaluation designs in most studies do not allow direct attribution of these findings to the interventions. Overall, the evaluation of antibullying interventions must flourish and be improved, requiring close cooperation between practitioners and academics to design, implement, and evaluate effective interventions based on grounded theoretical and methodological approaches. Finally, this systematic review highlights future directions for enhancing the adoption, high-quality implementation, and dissemination of evidence-based workplace bullying prevention and intervention programs.

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Hijacked journals, hijacked web-sites, journal phishing, misleading metrics, and predatory publishing: actual and potential threats to academic integrity and publishing ethics

Forensic Science, Medicine, and Pathology First Online:24 June 2016

Academic research has always faced challenges associated with assuring its quality and seeking optimal ways of representing results. Conducting a high level of research and selecting a suitable target publisher and journal require careful attention. The choice of publishing venue has been expanded by the open access (OA) movement, spurring additional scientific activity. The benefits of OA, which consist, generally speaking, in making the results of empirical research and/or the results of intellectual work available almost immediately and to a wide audience, have also introduced a number of threats and challenges to the academic world. On one hand, the number of opportunities to publish has increased significantly. On the other hand, the traditional system of peer review that was always perceived to exert a level of control by the academic community with respect to the quality of publications, has become less strict and rigorous, or has shown flaws. Collectively, a researcher faces a number of challenges when wanting to publish in an OA journal. This paper focuses on some of the threats to the integrity of the expanding OA movement, specifically hijacked journals, hijacked web-sites, journal phishing, misleading metrics, and predatory publishing.

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New book in the Library collection – Living in a warmer world

Living in a warmer world: how a changing climate will affect our lives (2013) . Jim Salinger, CSIRO Publishing.

Readable, relevant and fascinating, Living in a Warmer World examines how our changing climate will affect our everyday lives through access to food, water and even land, and how this will also impact on our health. More importantly, it looks at what science is doing to help us plan for and adapt to our future. This book looks beyond the debate over how and why, and describes what is actually happening as our world gets warmer.

Jim Salinger brings together some of the world’s leading scientists to describe how a hotter planet is affecting our food supplies, fisheries and agriculture, access to fresh water and public health. From these specifics, a clearer picture emerges of how our planet is changing and how this will affect our lives.

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New book in the Library collection – Deadly encounters

Deadly encounters: how infectious disease helped shape Australia (2015) / Peter Curson

This book is written from an interdisciplinary perspective combining elements of Medical Demography, Public Health, History and Geography. There is much we have to learn from past epidemic encounters and how society responded to such crises. Recent outbreaks of Swine Flu, Avian Flu and now ebola demonstrate how little we really understand about the human response in such circumstances and how people evaluate risk and exposure in their lives. The book would also have relevance for those charged with developing strategies to manage outbreaks of infectious disease.

If you would like to borrow this item, click on the book title (make sure your details are correct) and click SEND.  If the book is currently on loan, we will add your details to the reservations list.

Development of a Lean Facility Design Roadmap for Design-Bid-Build Forensic Facilities

National Institute of Justice | Forensic Technology Center of Excellence (FTCoE) January 2016;  38 pp

In 2013, NIST published an update to its widely acclaimed Forensic Science Laboratories: Handbook for Facility Planning, Design, Construction and Relocation.  A detailed review revealed that, despite its guidance on integrating the latest scientific developments, efficiency improvements, and sustainability practices in building forensic facilities, it contains few references to Lean  Design.  In an effort to incorporate Lean Design thinking into the planning, construction, and relocation of forensic facilities, the National Institute of Justice’s FTCoE initiated a project to develop guidelines and checklists for Lean Facility Design (LFD). This document reports on the development of these LFD guidelines and checklists and their integration.

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Leadership Decisions Influencing Medicolegal Death Investigation: “We wear a lot of hats.”

Forensic Science Policy & Management: An International Journal
Volume 7, Issue 3-4, 2016 pages 51-57 [Published online: 06 Apr 2016]

Leaders of medicolegal death investigation agencies face leadership and management challenges. To develop a deeper understanding of how they approach these challenges in the context of the community they serve we explored their lived experiences through semi structured telephone interviews about the essential services of their agency. Qualitative interviews of 12 leaders were transcribed and reviewers identified major themes through multiple readings. The themes included: Responsibilities of Agencies, Interdisciplinary Relationships, Variations in Practice, Recruitment of Agency Personnel, Leaders Qualifications and Certification of Personnel, Training of Personnel, and Quality Improvement/Quality Assurance. The factors affecting agency leaders are complex ranging from the hiring of agency personnel to running and overseeing all aspects of death investigations. There are resources such as leadership training and mentoring needed to improve the oversight and quality of death investigation agencies in the United States.

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Developing tailored planning models for forensic organisations

Australian Journal of Forensic Sciences Published online: 12 Apr 2016

Forensic laboratories traditionally focus on the development of scientific excellence to gain and maintain expertise and capability for their core purpose with respect to the provision of sound, impartial analysis of potential evidence, while managing increasingly tight budgets and growing demand. One downside to this primary focus is the lower prioritisation afforded to strategic and operational planning, despite its potential to substantially improve service delivery and enhance efficiency. Here, we focus on traditional planning models used by forensic laboratories and their shortfalls, and we examine options for improvement. Contemporary planning methodologies are assessed for their applicability and one improved planning model is developed and its potential benefits are evaluated.

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