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Category Archives: Leadership / Management
Australian Journal of Forensic Sciences Published online: 30 Jan 2014
This paper explores changes over recent decades to the law governing a Queensland criminal trial, from committal through to the Judge’s summing up. Reforms have included: substantial removal of the accused’s entitlement to a committal hearing; the restriction of the exposure of child witnesses in relation to sexual offences; the prosecution’s enhanced duty of disclosure; the 1997 introduction of a facility for pre-trial directions hearings; the increasing scope for judges to instruct the jury, from trial commencement, since the 1980s; 1995 reforms in relation to jury empanelment, removing parties’ unlimited peremptory rights of challenge without cause; and changes to trial evidence presentation, with growing use of audiovisual technologies and restrictions on the cross-examination of rape complainants. The paper raises further possible reforms, such as strengthening the disclosure requirements of the defence and empowering judges to assist jurors’ understanding of what constitutes ‘beyond reasonable doubt’, with Victorian legislation as a model.
Forensic Science Policy & Management: An International Journal Volume 3, Issue 3, 2012; DOI: 10.1080/19409044.2012.755236
This study developed and tested a model identifying determinants of employee turnover intentions and desirable performance behaviors, including helping others and engaging in knowledge sharing. Data collected from 798 employees at 10 FORESIGHT laboratories suggest that job satisfaction and embeddedness are the primary antecedents of turnover intentions and knowledge sharing, and that embeddedness is a stronger predictor variable of both outcomes. The employees’ understanding of the lab’s strategic vision is the primary predictor of embeddedness, and job autonomy is the primary predictor of job satisfaction.
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Forensic Science Policy & Management: An International Journal Volume 3, Issue 3, 2012; DOI:10.1080/19409044.2013.806607
This article will identify alternatives for integrating key organizations and aspects of forensic science reform to further the forensic science profession. Federally legislated regulatory models are not the only viable model for governance of the forensic enterprise. A National Forensic Science Board (NFSB), modeled after one or more independent processes in other industries, could coordinate forensic programs and activities nationwide. The concepts in this presentation will stimulate discussion and debate within the forensic community about alternatives for how forensic science can oversee and direct compliance with critical precepts needed to strengthen our profession.
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QMS15A-E Assessments: Laboratory Internal Audit Program; Approved Guideline (2013)
This document provides guidance for how a laboratory can establish an internal audit program to enhance the quality of its services through continual improvement. Whereas an audit program defines the “who,” “what,” “when,” “where,” and “how” of meeting requirements for internal auditing, the audit process describes the details of how to conduct individual laboratory internal audits.
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Forensic Science Policy & Management: An International Journal Volume 3, Issue 4, 2012; DOI:10.1080/19409044.2013.844214
An examination of the budgets of forensic laboratories reveals an unused or underused tool at the disposal of forensic laboratories. Equipment leasing offers an opportunity for a unilateral increase in the purchasing power of existing laboratory budgets and an immediate response to austerity measures. Rather than react to budget tightening with reductions in force, shared furloughs, or the forfeiture of unfilled positions, a laboratory director can forestall such measures and even see an effective increase in disposable income through a planned use of operating leases. If a public laboratory makes an equipment purchase, the cost to the laboratory will be the full list price from the equipment supplier. However, when a private laboratory makes the same equipment purchase, it pays the supplier the full list price, but is able to deduct the expense from its income when it calculates its corporate income tax and ends up with a final expense, net of taxes, that is considerably less than the cost to the public laboratory. Leasing offers the opportunity for a private entity to purchase equipment and pass on some of the tax savings to the public laboratory through an operating lease. In this manuscript the leasing gains are explained and accompanied by a detailed example to illustrate the potential magnitudes of the gains. In this example, a representative laboratory is shown to experience nearly a twenty-five percent gain from the lease compared to the expense of a direct purchase.
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A. S. Matai, T. Sijen, Forensic Science International: Genetics, In press 29 October 2013 http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.fsigss.2013.10.145
Since October 2010, the NFI offers a “DNA-6 hours” service to the Dutch police aiming to provide early investigative leads. Within the DNA-6 hours procedure DNA information is rapidly derived from an evidentiary trace, the STR profile is searched against the DNA profiles of known persons in the DNA database and a brief report containing information about match or no match is given to prosecution. Here, the STR system used in the direct and rapid amplification procedure is upgraded from 11 to 16 loci to comply with current profiling data comprising the new European standard set of loci. In addition, a brief DNA extraction procedure is introduced that can be applied to tape-lifts taken from cigarette butts or punches excised from licked envelope seals to increase success rates for these sample types.
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Australian Journal of Communication Vol 40 no 1; 4 September 2013
A series of severe weather events in Queensland during 2010 and 2011 and a greater interest in national security have catalogued a renewed government interest in ensuring that Australians understand the risks and take proactive measures to prepare for disasters. The Living in Queensland Survey uses an ‘all hazards approach’ to ascertain respondents’ attitudes towards disaster preparedness, perceptions of risk, and perceptions of community capacity. The findings highlight what Queenslanders are doing to prepare for natural and terrorist disasters and further illustrate how preparedness behaviour, perceptions of community, and confidence in government have changed since the floods and cyclones of 2011.